Political policy on regional and local levels is influencing the development and introduction of renewable energy in the transport system. Nations, but also local and regional authorities are setting up goals and implementing strategies to spur the development. Those authorities influence the development by setting up frameworks of decisions and visions which guide public and private actors in their investments, developments and implementations of new technologies. This policy-making is influenced by the actors participating, external situations and the institutional structures which control how policy-making is done. Traditionally, policy-making is carried out within one single sector or subject area. This follows how the public authorities are organised into departments which handle different subjects. This separation of policy areas has been acknowledged as a problem when trying to implement environmental issues into existing policy areas. In the Brundtland report from 1987 this is recognised as an obstacle for sustainable development. The consequences of the structural division in policy areas for establishing renewables in the transport system will be discussed here.
In Sweden several regions have formulated goals to develop sustainable transport systems. This means that they want to increase the energy efficiency in the system, decrease the dependence on fossil fuels and introduce renewable energy in the transport system instead. In the case of renewable energy in the transport system, foremost two policy areas are included, namely energy and transport policy. Since the necessity of interdependent policies have been recognised as a condition for sustainable development, the purpose of this paper is to analyse the potential integration between energy and transport policy in the case of renewable energy in the transport system. Is energy and transport policy interdependent? Why? Why not? How is the level of interdependency influencing the development of renewable fuels in the transport system?
Policy analysis will be used to analyse the policy-making regarding renewable energy in the Swedish region, Stockholm. The urban region is an example which illustrates separated and interdependent policy-making. The material used is recently developed policy documents and interviews with stakeholders in the region.
The results show that energy and transport policy regarding renewable energy are separated in most cases, except for the development of biogas production. Transport policy is not considering energy at all. Energy policy is discussing transport as one aspect of the energy system which needs to change. However, the current situation in Stockholm implies that energy policy-making is not considering transport in practice.
Conclusions are that separation of the policy areas transport and energy influence the development of renewable fuels in the transport system negatively and that an institutional change is needed if this development should succeed. Understanding the influence of separated policies on the policy-making may be valuable to actors within the policy-making as well as actors dependent on the outcomes.