3624 EcoDesign 2020 – Green Design requirements and implementation in the aircraft-industry

Esther Bollhoefer , Competence Center Industrial Innovations, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, Karlsruhe, Germany
Torsten Mueller , Environmental Engineering, Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology ICT, Pfinztal, Germany
Joerg Woidasky , Environmental Engineering, Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology ICT, Pfinztal, Germany
Full Papers
  • EcoDesign 2020 - Green Design requirements and implementation in the aircraft-industry_120914.pdf (714.9 kB)
  • Justification of the paper:
    Aviation is an essential element of today's global society, bringing people and cultures together by moving more than 2 billion people annually worldwide, thus creating economic growth across the globe. Globally about 32 million jobs are dependant on air transport, out of which about 5.5 million are in the aviation industry. Aviation's global economic impact is estimated at US$ 3.560 billion representing 7.5% of world Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

    The air transport industry is paying a lot of attention to growing public concern about the environmental issues of air pollution, noise and climate change. Although today air transport only produces 2% of man-made CO2 emissions (equal to 628,000,000 tonnes/a), this is expected to increase to 3% by 2050. Not only environmental impact during aircraft operations, but also during production and end-of-life phases is being discussed today. This is of major importance, as a doubling of the commercial aircraft fleet from today to 2050 is expected. Current European R&D has adopted the Advisory Councils for Aeronautical Research in Europe (ACARE) 2001 goals, covering the reduction of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by 50% per passenger kilometer, of NOx emissions reduction by 80%, of perceived noise reduction by 50% and to make substantial progress in reducing the environmental impact of the manufacture, maintenance and disposal of aircraft and related product.

    Purpose :
    Speeding up new, greener design is essential to protect the environment for aircraft on-ground activities inclu. It should be kept in mind that aircrafts have a 30-year service life, and that new aviation design takes more than a decade to develop. This leads to manifold requirements for eco-design - starting with green design and production, withdrawal, and closing the loop with recycling of aircrafts, by minimal use of raw materials and energies thus improving the environmental and even the social impact of the whole products life cycle. However, the field of eco-design for aircraft and its effects for the whole lifecycle as well for society have not been explored thoroughly.

    Theoretical framework:
    Within this paper first results from the CleanSky work as well as from a literature review and expert interviews on societal belongings within the aircraft industry and its stakeholders will be analyzed. Technical aspects and implementation approaches will be presented in order to ensure an actual Eco Design impact in the aircraft industry.

    We will present the requirements and latest developments in the Eco Design research and development project, which forms a part of the 1.4 billion Euro R&D umbrella program “Clean Sky” and have a closer look at the Eco Design requirements, processes and methods for implementation.

    Conclusions :
    Starting with a state-of-the-art review – also in comparison to other branches like automotive or shipbuilding industries we will address the necessary steps to greening and finally analyze the stakeholder impact and matters of dissemination.