59.1 Study on the Coal Resources Utilization Policy in China: A case study of coal companies in China

Jingjing Gao , Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
As one of the developing countries, although the per-capita level in China is only 33% of that of OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries and the energy consumption per unit of GDP was lowered by 47 per cent between 1991 and 2005, the greenhouse gas emissions from fossil sources have increased hugely since the late 20th century in China. Coal has always been the most important energy in China for a long history. The annually amount of the coal exploitation in China is the largest as well as its consumption all over the world, which respectively accounts for 39.4% and 38.6% of the total amount all over the world. So the positive measures adopted by the coal industry and enterprises as well as the treatment and ways by which the coal and its downstream process such as coal-fired power plants are consumed in China will be very important for the carbon emission reduction, not only for China, but also for the Asia even the global climate with its largest consumption amount. Under that background, China has put climate change at the heart of its energy policies. This study takes one of the largest coal companies as the case study. By comparing the different develop and management modes, the paper shows how national and regional policies, technology and more rational plan for exploiting and consume impact the carbon emission and ultimately influence the regional climate.