Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University, Denmark
This paper compares the potential of renewable energy sources and solutions in Denmark and China. Denmark is one of the leaders in renewable energy sector and represents a remarkable transformation. Even through lacking almost entirely in hydroelectric resources the government has build up one of the biggest renewable energy sectors in the world. Nowadays, excess 20% of the electricity demand in Denmark is supplied from wind powe and renewable energy accounted for approximately 27% of total gross electricity production in 2007. Meanwhile China is the biggest developing country in the world and endowed with abundant renewable energy sources. Along with the high-speed economic development and increasing energy consumption, the Chinese Government faces a growing pressure for maintaining the balance between energy supply and demand as well as reducing environmental pollution. To ensure energy security and mitigate climate changes, the inappropriate energy consumption structure should be changed. As an alternative, a suitable infrastructure for the implementation of renewable energy may serve as a long-term sustainable possibility. In the past few years more attention has been paid to the development of renewable energy, and laws, policies and planning initiatives have been implemented to support the development of renewable energy in China. Based on the comparative analysis of renewable energy sources and solutions between two countries, this paper presents a foundation and experiences for developing renewable energy systems in China.
Key words: comparative analysis, renewable energy, Denmark, China