· integrating theory from sustainability science, futures studies and system innovation for sustainability;
· carrying out a critical analysis of previous projects aimed to plan for and/or steer system innovation;
· carrying out a review of system innovation typologies, scenario typologies and methods; and,
· carrying out a review of drivers and barriers for businesses to adopt sustainability as a default business and product development priority and to undertake radical new product/technology development projects. This scenario method is novel for being systemic to link societal visions of sustainability to companies' strategic and product development decisions. The method uses a layered risk approach. This renders long-term thinking meaningful for businesses since contextual and business-related implications of generic sustainability risks are made explicit. A risk approach also enables considering not only environmental but also interdependent social aspects of sustainability. In order to link present reality and future aspiration, the method uses a double-flow approach unlike the previously used methods which use either backward or forward flows. This novel method can aid in meeting the world-wide challenge of sustainable development since it practically relates businesses and their activities to governance of system innovation.