A framework for the analysis of obstacles and facilitators for the implementation of a new energy technology Applied to small urban wind turbines in the Netherlands
L.M. Kamp
Delft University of Technology
Jaffalaan 5, 2628 BX, Delft, The Netherlands
In practice, the implementation of new energy technologies often does not work out as well and as fast as would be preferred. What we need, is a framework with which we can assess whether a certain new technology could be developed and implemented successfully. A first version of such a framework is presented and applied in this paper.
In our framework we combine the ‘functions of innovation systems’ approach and the ‘socio-technical systems’ approach. We firstly look whether 7 functions of the innovation system around the technology are fulfilled: market formation, entrepreneurial activity, knowledge creation, knowledge diffusion, mobilization of resources, and presence of advocacy coalitions and guidance of the search. Secondly, we investigate whether within the wider energy system a ‘space’ is available for this new niche technology.
We apply our framework to the development and implementation of small urban wind turbines in the Netherlands in the period 2000-2007. We show that critical functions, such as knowledge diffusion and market formation, were underdeveloped and that in the wider energy system critical problems were present too. Based on this case study, we formulate lessons for the future, both for improving the framework and for policy making.
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9:00 AM-5:00 PM, Thursday, June 26, 2008, Oral

The Netherlands, 2008 Meeting