Innovations And Barriers To Achieving Sustainable Tourism In Island Destinations
|Dr. Sonya Graci|
Ted Rogers School of Hospitality and Tourism Management
Dr. Rachel Dodds
Over the last several years, the environmental and social impacts of the tourism industry have come to the forefront of global issues. This attention is due to the fact that tourism is considered the worlds’ largest industry and employs approximately ten per cent of the global workforce (Theobald 1998; Budeanu 1999; Pryce 2001). Due to the importance of this industry, there is a strong need to ensure that sustainable practices are implemented industry wide as environmental degradation has impacted several tourism destinations leading to a rapid decline in economy for many countries. Despite the movement to integrate sustainability practices into tourism destinations, considerations to reduce tourism’s impact on the environment have been mainly conceptual to date and have not translated into industry wide practice (Anguera, Ayuso et al. 2000; Pryce 2001). This is the case in the four island destinations studied, (Calvia, Mallorca, Spain; Mallorca; Sanya, Hainan Island, China and Gili Trawangan, Indonesia) and the burgeoning growth of the tourism industry has raised concern over the state of the environment (Cheyne and Barnett 2001). In order to move the agenda forward, how to assist these destinations in ensuring that its resources are not degraded beyond repair must be established. These studies identify the barriers faced by each destination in its varying attempts to implement innovative initiatives to offset impacts created by tourism development. Through the examination of barriers, recommendations for strategies to move the agenda forward can be identified.
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