New Development Strategy and Environmental Governance in China
Jun Bi, Jie Yang and Zengwei Yuan, Nanjing University & Jiangsu EPD, China
China has experienced dramatic social, political, and economic changes during the past 2 decades. However, the extensive development has caused various kinds of resource depletion and environmental pollution. For decades, pollution problems were largely ignored in China's quest for development. In the past decade, the Chinese government has become increasingly aware of the seriousness of its own environmental problems and the economic and human costs of that pollution. Many new environmental laws have been introduced. There has been tremendous institutional capacity building and important changes to environmental governance structures. The most significant change in environmental governance can be seen in the past two to three years, especially the promotion of the "new development strategy". The new strategy has been promoted by the central government, which calls for a whole-scale, coordinated and sustainable development and humanity-centered approach. The humanity-centered ideology answers a fundamental question faced by China for a long time, that is, the purpose of the development. A significant change of environmental governance is that GDP-dominated Development will be gradually excluded by both central and local government. Environmental costs will be taken into account in the green GDP system. This will shed lights on government decision on the process of how we make decisions about the environment and who participates in these decisions.
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