How the organizational structure of environmental management influences corporate greening: an empirical analysis of large manufacturing firms in Japan
Takuya Takahashi1 and Masao Nakamura2, (1)University of Shiga Prefecture, Japan; (2)Univeristy of British Columbia, Canada
We have used Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) to empirically investigate relationships between the organizational structure of environmental management within large Japanese manufacturing firms and their corporate greening processes. Corporate greening is a necessary condition for industrial ecology. Three dimensions of bureaucratization (i.e., formalization, centralization, and professionalization) were chosen as the independent variables. Measures of corporate greening, such as integration of environmental responses into general management, introduction of green technologies, and transformation of corporate culture, were chosen as the dependent variables. Our sample consists of 193 firms obtained in a survey conducted in 1997. We find that bureaucratization of environmental management generally has a positive relationship with corporate greening and that the presence of one or two of the three dimensions of bureaucratization may be sufficient for corporate greening to implement certain greening measures. The relationship between bureaucratization and ISO 14001 environmental management systems (ISO 14001 EMS) will also be discussed.
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