Lessons Learned From the Canadian Experience with Collaborative Oceans Governance Applicable to the South China Seas
Daniel Rubenstein, Office of the Auditor General, Canada
Large Marine Ecosystems around the globe are under increasing stress caused by uncontrolled human domestication and exploitations of the oceans. Collaborative partherships committed to promoting the precautionary principle, sustainable development and maintaining biological diversity are one form of institutional intervention intended to suatain Marine Environmental Quality, promose human use of the oceans that is consistent with managing the Cumulative Environmental Effects of human use of the oceans.

Canada and other nations around the world have been experimenting with Collaborative Governance Regimes for Larger Scale Estuarine, Coastal and Ocean Ecosystems. Such Collaborative Governance Regimes could be useful in establishing a collaborative governance regime for the use of the South China Seas. The proposed presentation will be based on the recent research of Mr. Rubenstein on how to measure the extent to which the principles of a collaborative and ecosystem approach have been reconciled with the principles of sound accountability.

The presentation will take a basic model and look at a potential South China Seas application. The presentation will focus on lessons learned about the critical importance of building accountability into collaborative governance regimes, right at the outset.

The presentation will primarily support the conference theme of designing and implementing new institutions. However, the presentation will also support the theme of engagement with civil society.

The presentation will explore in depth the complexities of collaborative, multilateral partnerships that require accountability between the partners, among and between different political jurisdictions. The presentation will provide suggestions of how to address these issues, based on the seven year implementation experience of the Government of Canada with the Oceans Act of 1997.