Principles and guidelines for the development of eco-industrial parks: a case study of Jubail, SaudiArabia
Mahmood Abdur Rafey Siddiqui, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi Arabia
The concept of Industrial Ecology has been implemented in many eco-industrial parks (EIPs) all over the world. In Saudi Arabia, the concept of eco-industrial park has been implemented to develop Jubail, which is regarded as the largest industrial city in history. By the year 2005, the investment in industries and infrastructure of Jubail is estimated to reach $65 billion. Jubail has played a key role in the development of hydrocarbon-based and energy-intensive industries in Saudi Arabia. By now, it has 17 basic industrial plants, 16 secondary and over 100 supporting and light industries, as well as a dedicated desalination plant, a vocational training institute and a college. The population of full-time residents in Jubail has reached 70,000. The planning and development of this industrial city was a significant challenge to the developer and public agencies concerned with this project. This paper investigates the evolution of eco-industrial developments and discusses the case study of Jubail providing useful lessons and suggestions for planners and developers involved in the planning and development of eco-industrial parks.
View Full Paper in PDF FORMAT